Hidden Risks from ECB’s Pandemic Tools

The ECB’s policy response to the Covid crisis has been game changing, but has also added to the list of risks that undermine financial stability. The disruption to wholesale bank funding is a case in point In the midst of an unprecedented economic contraction, it is...

TLTROs are no Silver Bullet to Eurozone Problems

The ECB’s latest announced form of stimulus is a third round of TLTRO issuance. Previous tranches of TLTROs have been 4-year loans primarily made to European banks that are active in lending to the private sector. The rate paid on the loans is reduced as more of the...